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欧盟评估2-methyloxolane作为食品提取溶剂的安全性

放大字体  缩小字体 时间:2022-03-16 14:16 来源:食品伙伴网 作者: 泽夕   
核心提示:2022年3月15日,据欧盟食品安全局(EFSA)消息,应欧盟委员会要求,欧盟食品接触材料、酶和加工助剂小组(CEP)就2-methyloxolane作为食品提取溶剂的安全性发表科学意见。
   食品伙伴网讯  2022年3月15日,据欧盟食品安全局EFSA)消息,应欧盟委员会要求,欧盟食品接触材料、酶和加工助剂小组(CEP)就2-methyloxolane作为食品提取溶剂的安全性发表科学意见。
 
  经过评估,专家小组认为在建议的使用条件下2-methyloxolane用于提取食品或食品成分不会引起安全问题。部分原文报道如下:
 
  The EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes and Processing Aids (CEP) assessed the safety of 2-methyloxolane as an extraction solvent under the intended conditions of use and the maximum residue limits (MRLs) proposed by the applicant. 2-Methyloxolane is intended to be used in processes currently applying hexane for oil and protein extraction from plant sources or for extraction of food additives. The proposed MRLs for the following uses are: (i) 1 mg/kg in fat, oil or butter; (ii) 10 mg/kg in defatted protein products, defatted flour and other defatted solid ingredients; (iii) 1 mg/kg in food category 13 (foods intended for particular nutritional uses as defined by Directive 2009/39/EC); and (iv) 1 mg/kg for the extraction of food additives. The Panel calculated the dietary exposure with the highest potential maximum (95th percentile) for toddlers as 0.32 mg/kg body weight (bw) per day. based on the available toxicological data, the Panel concluded that 2-methyloxolane was rapidly metabolised with a low bioaccumulation potential and does not raise a concern for genotoxicity. The Panel identified different no observed adverse effect levels (NOAELs) in a subchronic oral toxicity study in rats, an oral developmental toxicity study and an extended one-generation reproductive toxicity study, and a TDI of 1 mg/kg bw per day for 2-methyloxolane was derived based on the lowest identified NOAEL (100 mg/kg bw per day) for reproductive and developmental toxicity. This TDI was not exceeded in any of the population groups at the mean and 95th percentile exposure. The Panel concluded that the extraction solvent 2-methyloxolane does not raise a safety concern when used according to the intended conditions and at the proposed MRLs in the extracted foods or food ingredients.
 
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日期:2022-03-16
 
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